Borgs of Innocence and Experience: Midlife Crises in "Best of Both Worlds"

Borgs of Innocence and Experience: Midlife Crises in “Best of Both Worlds”

Riker’s beard! It’s the 20th anniversary of "Best of Both Worlds!"

This week marks the 20th anniversary of “Best of Both Worlds, Part I,” one of the best and best-known episodes of Star Trek: The Next Generation.  That’s right, folks.  “Best of Both Worlds” is twenty years old this week.  I’ll give you a moment to consider how old that makes you.

…Did you think about it?  Twenty years.  I can see you now, twenty years younger than you are now.   You’re sitting on the floor, about an inch from a small, low-definition cathode ray tube.  You’re not blinking; you’re holding your breath.  Sometimes you feel fear, like when you first realize that Captain Picard—your captain, the captain—has been assimilated by the Borg.  Sometimes you feel annoyance; what’s that Shelby girl doing, trying to take Riker’s job?  Who does she think she is?  She doesn’t have a cool beard!

So sometimes you feel annoyance, and sometimes you feel fear.  But, for the most part, your sentiments regarding this episode can be summed up by two words:

“Cool!  Robots!”

Then again, I may be projecting.  Back when “Best of Both Worlds” first aired in June of 1990, I was six years old.  In those halcyon days, I did not over-analyze television the way I do now.  Back then, my Overthinking abilities were limited to such genius thoughts as, “Cool! Robots!” “Planets are pretty!” and “I like Data ‘cause he has a cat.”

Things are different now.  I’m older.  I don’t wear the bottoms of my trousers rolled just yet, but I do pay taxes and take calcium pills daily.  And, this week, when I watched “Best of Both Worlds” again, my dominant thought was no longer of the coolness of robots but of what it means to grow up, and what it means to grow old.

Most people forget that “Best of Both Worlds” has two main plots.  The plot everyone remembers is the Borg plot: the Borg come, they take Picard to be their interlocutor, and then they race off to assimilate the Earth.  In Part 2, the crew of the Enterprise takes back Picard, and Data hacks into his brain, allowing the Enterprise to blow up the Borg cube and save the Earth.

Few remember the other main plot of this two-part episode: the Riker plot.  Or, more specifically, the “Riker has a midlife crisis” plot.

It’s easy to understand why few remember this aspect of the episode.  The Borg stuff is action-packed, full of explosions, and very suspenseful.  The Riker plot, according to one website I recently visited, seems little more than a “corporate soap opera.”

I’m going to disagree with that statement.  To me, the Riker plot is the main story of “Best of Both Worlds,” and the Borg stuff is just fun window-dressing.  And it’s not just a soap opera, I’d say.  It’s actually a rather subtle parable about the benefits and drawbacks of growing up.

Let me refresh your memory.  When “Best of Both Worlds” begins, Lieutenant Commander Shelby, an expert on the Borg, is brought to the Enterprise when it’s discovered that a Federation colony has been destroyed, most likely by the Borg.  Shelby has ulterior motives for the trip, though.  She’s heard through official channels that Commander Riker has been offered a third commission (this time to captain the U.S.S. Melbourne), and she wants Picard to give her Riker’s job as First Officer.

The problem is that Riker doesn’t want to be a starship captain.  He’s happy where he is, and everyone—including Captain Picard—wants to know why.  Meanwhile, the ambitious and impetuous Lt. Cmdr. Shelby (who, by the way, is a dead ringer for Uda, Kristen Bell’s character in Party Down) tells Riker, the old fart, to get out of the way and make room for new blood.

Cue Riker’s midlife crisis.

[The video has embedding disabled, so just click through to play]

In this scene, Riker and Troi set up a dichotomy.  On one side is “youth,” represented by Lt. Cmdr. Shelby, who represents Riker’s younger, beardless self.  Youth is characterized by ambition and dissatisfaction, an ability to adapt quickly to difficult situations, and a proclivity toward risk-taking.  On the other side we have “adulthood,” represented by Riker as he is now.  Adulthood is characterized by satisfaction (or complacency, depending on your viewpoint), the wisdom that comes from life experience, and an aversion to risk-taking.  Season 3 Riker had been happy being an adult by this definition, but now he’s not so sure.  According to Picard and Admiral Hanson, Riker is jeopardizing his career by “standing still” while young upstarts like Shelby fly up the Starfleet ladder at ludicrous speeds.

Riker vs. Shelby

Then the Borg come.  This is not a coincidence.  Metaphorically-speaking, the Borg represent Lieutenant Commander Shelby and all young upstarts.  They are ambitious.  They are robotically fixated on an end-goal, yet they are never satisfied enough to end their quests.  They adapt frighteningly fast to new changes, technological or otherwise.  They take risks because they have no fear.

The Federation, on the flip side, is Riker, and Adulthood.  It is a Utopia, and Utopias don’t change much.  Why should they?  They’re already perfect.

Or so they thought.  The Federation brass, like Riker, and like all adults, console themselves with the thought that, while the young upstart Borg have quickness and adaptability and drive, they have wisdom and experience.  After all, they’ve already encountered the Borg before.  Surely the information gathered in that previous encounter will help them figure out a way to defeat them.

But when the Borg—the always-adapting, never satisfied Borg—rout the fleet at Wolf 359, the Federation quickly realizes that their experience alone cannot beat the Borg’s adaptability, and that the Federation’s complacency and predictability will likely be its downfall.

Part II of the episode finds Riker thrust into the Captain’s chair after Picard is assimilated by the Borg.  The main dramatic question, of course, is, “Will Riker save Picard and the Earth?”  But since I’ve seen this episode before, I know how that question is answered.  So, this time around, my main question was, “How will save Picard and the Earth?  How can he possibly do it if his midlife crisis gets in the way?  How can this middle-aged adult win a young cyborg’s game?”

We know how he won’t win.  At the beginning of Part II, Guinan warns Riker that he cannot rely on his knowledge or life experience, and he can’t play it safe.  The Borg have Picard, but, more importantly, they have all of the information in his head, which means Riker’s know-how and experience is useless.  “Captain Picard wrote the book on the Enterprise,” Riker says.  “If the Borg know everything he knows, it’s time to throw that book away,” Guinan replies.

This conversation, then, seems to tell us how the episode is going to end.  Riker is going to throw away his adulthood—his wisdom, his aversion to risk-taking, his knowledge, and his life experience—to beat the Borg.  To win, he’s going to have to become Lt. Cmdr. Shelby—revert to his younger self, in other words—and beat the Borg at their own child’s game.

But that’s not actually what happens in the episode.  Riker does take some risks: he orders Shelby and Worf to kidnap Locutus/Picard, and he risks Earth to gamble on a risky plan that requires Data to hack into the Borg-net via Locutus’s brain.  This plan is so ambitious and unpredictable that Locutus tells Riker that it was the “wrong” strategy.  That, of course, was the whole point.  Riker has learned to adapt.  He has taken part of the Borg’s M.O. and assimilated it into himself.

To beard or not to beard?

At the same time, Riker’s plan requires some of his “useless” adult traits, such as wisdom, knowledge, and experience.  First, towards the beginning of Part II, Riker makes a point of keeping all of the senior officers in their usual positions instead of making promotions and other changes, because he knows exactly how each of them works.  For this mission, Riker implies, the crew’s predictability, far from being a drawback, is a major asset; it allows them to work as a cohesive unit built on mutual trust—which, of course, comes from their years of experience with one another.

Next, Riker decides to use an old plan to trick the Borg.  Guinan had warned Riker that he couldn’t use any old plans that Picard already knew about, because the Borg would know them, too.  The plan is to separate the two halves of the Enterprise (the saucer and the secondary hull) to create a diversion.  Shelby told Picard about this plan back in Part I, so the Borg already know about it, and Riker knows it.  So, in part II, Riker uses this information against the Borg.  He knows that Picard/Locutus believes Riker will separate the two halves of the Enterprise and attack with the more heavily-armed secondary hull.  Riker uses that information to surprise the Borg by attacking with the saucer’s primary hull.  This allows Data and Worf to sneak past the Borg sensors in a shuttlecraft and rescue Picard.  Contrary to Guinan’s suggestion to throw the book of knowledge and experience away, Riker keeps the book but reads it in a completely different, and unexpected, way.

The final stages of Riker’s plan also rely on his adult traits of wisdom, knowledge, and experience.  By using his knowledge of and experience with the Borg, he, Data, and Crusher infer how their computer systems work and how they control the Borg collective.  They then use this information to hack into the Borg wi-fi using Locutus’s computer-brain and order the Borg to go into regeneration mode.  This then gives Riker the opportunity to “blow up the damn ship.”  The Borg cube goes “boom,” Picard is saved, and the Earth lives to see another day.

So, in the end, how did Riker defeat the Borg?  He did it by picking and choosing the best parts of his young and middle-aged self.  So next time you find yourself thinking about how spunky and ambitious and creative you were twenty years ago and how complacent and risk-averse you are now, take a page from Riker’s book.  Be the best parts of your child and adult selves.  Then, like Riker, you can be—you guessed it—The Best of Both Worlds.

10 Comments on “Borgs of Innocence and Experience: Midlife Crises in “Best of Both Worlds””

  1. Krin-dogg #

    Interesting analysis, mlawski. I can’t believe that twenty years have passed. . .

    I also just want to add two general thoughts.

    First, Riker is widely lambasted for being the most vanilla of Star Trek characters (I’ve been guilty of leveling this charge myself on several occasions). However, this is not an entirely fair assessment, and his maturity as a Starfleet officer is a theme that the writers revisit several times. One episode that comes to mind is from season 7 and is entitled “The Pegasus.” In this episode, it is revealed that on his first assignment after graduating from the academy, Riker aided his commanding officer (Eric Pressman) on an illegal mission to deploy a cloaking device, a technology that the Federation is barred from developing. This ended badly with a mutiny, and a lost starship (The Pegasus). In the present day, Pressman (now an Admiral) shows up and tries to convince Riker to continue the cover-up and retrieve the now found U.S.S. Pegasus. Of course, in the end, after some tortured plot twists with the Romulans, Riker does “the right thing,” and exposes Pressman. This episode is thus a focused example of how Riker has changed and become more “seasoned” since his brash young days. They even mention his beard; in a conversation about the good-old-days, Pressman and Riker recall that before the beard, Riker had the distinct nickname: “Ensign Baby-Face.”

    Second, coming back to “Best of Both Worlds,” the way in which Riker deploys a combination of both experience and ingenuity to defeat the Borg is very Roddenberry-esque. Going back to the original series, the characters on Star Trek often find a way to defeat a technologically sophisticated opponent with a combination of some savvy high-tech know-how combined with a bluff or game that the machines are unable to anticipate. For example, in “The Return of the Archons,” Kirk and Spock find a way into the master control room of an evil computer holds sway over a whole planet, and ultimately Kirk has to talk the computer to death using a twist of logic that short circuits the mechanism. The idea of some humanistic traits or trickery triumphing over technology is captured very well by Riker’s actions in “Best of Both Worlds.” Worf even alludes to this when he says that “the Borg have neither honor nor courage. That is our greatest advantage.”

    Happy Trekking!


  2. Mark #

    Wow, 20 years. That does make me feel old.

    I admit that Riker was not one of my favorite characters when the show was first on TV. However, looking back on it and re-watching episodes now, I realize that his example probably has more relevance and has had more real impact on my life than the other characters that I may have liked better. If I ever get into a high management position I’ll try to model my style off of Picard, but at this point in my career I’m still in limited responsibility with limited authority, trying to learn as much as I can and do the best work that I can, much closer to the situation Riker was in.

    Specifically, I remember the episode where Riker served as first officer of a Klingon ship as part of an officer exchange, and how he had to embrace a different culture while not compromising his own ethics in order to succeed. And Riker’s interaction with Worf in the episode where Worf breaks his back and wants to kill himself is maybe one of the most powerful examples of friendship during a difficult situation that I can remember.

    Oh, Star Trek, how I love to overthink thee…


  3. Megan from Lombard #

    Loved the article!

    The episode was my first exposure to Star Trek and opened up the world of Science Fiction to me. Reading the article made me realize how much like Riker I’ve matured but at the same time am still the same wide-eyed kid enjoying the lasers and explosions that were on the TV screen.

    I feel that the Borg were the perfect advarsary for the Federation, it made them realize that they were resting on their laurels as a utopia and needed to “reinvent” themselves if they were going to defeat them.

    Also the Borg vs. Federation could be looked at as a bigger-picture example of old vs. new; the Borg being the younger generation “flying up the ladder” and being able to adapt (or assimilate) much better than the older generation (Federation) who refused to change or adapt to changing situations or times.


  4. oarion7 #

    That’s funny. I was just watching this episode today (from my own collection) and had no idea! I just had this urge to watch it today, so I did, and now you’re telling me it’s the 20 year anniversary. :) I will have to muse on this.

    I myself was just a little too young to remember this episode if I did in fact see it when it originally aired.

    By the way, when the Enterprise hid in that nebula to hide from the Borg cube in the beginning so that they couldn’t scan the Enterprise, the Enterprise was scanning the Borg cube. Wouldn’t the interference of the Nebula that was so successfully blocking the Borg scans had to have blocked the Enterprise’s scans, too? Oh life!


  5. Gab #

    So does that mean Miley Cyrus is this generation’s Riker?


  6. shawn Pitre #

    @ Gab – only if she can grow that beard ;)}

    (wink with a beard btw)


  7. mlawski OTI Staff #

    @Mark: I’m in the same place you are. When I was younger, I was very much not a fan of Riker. It seemed to me like the show was trying to cram him down our throats. Like: Picard is the leader, Worf is the angry one, Data is the smart one, Troi is the pretty one, and Riker is the cool rogue. Except in reality, he’s not particularly cool, and he’s not roguish, either. I guess the best way to characterize him is as Captain Kirk but without the charisma.

    Now when I rewatch the show, I give Riker a whole lot more credit. Today, Riker’s smugness strikes me as endearing, because he’s clearly a huge nerd trying really hard to come off as cool and roguish but not quite pulling it off. Also, as the show goes on, he seems to become more and more aware of his douchebag-iness, which makes him a lot more likeable.

    @Krin-dogg: Agreed, “The Pegasus” is a great episode, and not only because Terry O’Quinn is in it! For one thing, it’s the episode that features “Captain Picard Day.”

    @Gab: In “Best of Both Worlds,” Riker is not a girl, but not yet a woman.


  8. dewfish #

    I never like Riker. He was always the “Cyclops” of the Star Trek universe, and I really hate Cyclops from X-Men. Both have that sense of “fake cool” about them. Very forced and contrived.


  9. BP #

    I’m a long time reader of this blog, and articles like that are the reason.

    I’m from Brazil, and my father is a trekker (without the fancy stuff), so since my childhood (born in 1983) I’ve been introduced to the Star Trek universe. While I do not share the same enthusiasm (I like it, but my favorite sci-fi are Aliens and Robocop), I’m almost always watching the films and episodes with him.

    I’ve talked about this blog to him some time before, telling him about how much cool stuff you can read between the lines on the pop culture (the first article I’ve read here was the Robocop / Paul Verhoeven one). Now I’m inclined to translate this article (including the comments) just to show to him how much cool this site really is. It’s a shame that he doesn’t read english!

    Anyway guys, keep on the good work! Week after week this site blows my mind up!


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